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On This Day In History - End Of The Civil War, Baghdad Falls And More

By CM Chaney · April 9, 2024

On This Day In History - April 9

"On This Day in History" is a captivating journey through time, revisiting the most significant events that have occurred on this very date throughout the years.

From monumental political decisions and groundbreaking scientific discoveries to unforgettable moments in sports and cultural milestones, each article in this series will transport you back to a specific day, offering a glimpse into the past and revealing how these events have shaped our world.

Join us as we uncover the fascinating stories that have left an indelible mark on history.  Wikimedia

1388: Swiss Confederation Triumphs at Näfels

In a pivotal moment during the Swiss Confederation's early fight for independence, the Battle of Näfels marked a significant victory against Habsburg rule.

This triumph, occurring in the first hundred years of the Confederation's struggle for autonomy, dealt a blow to Habsburg dominance and bolstered the Swiss cause for self-determination.  Wikimedia/École française du XIXème siècle

1682: La Salle Claims Mississippi Basin for France

René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, a French explorer, made a historic claim in the name of France over the vast Mississippi River basin.

By asserting French control over this expansive territory, La Salle effectively established the region as a French colony, bestowing upon it the name "Louisiana."  Wikimedia/John Norval Marchand

1865: Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Ends Civil War

At Appomattox Court House, General Robert E. Lee, leading the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, signed a treaty of surrender.

This momentous event signaled the conclusion of the American Civil War, as Lee's capitulation effectively marked the defeat of the Confederate States of America and the end of the bloody conflict that had divided the nation.  Wikimedia/Louis Mathieu Guillaume

1898: Paul Robeson: Iconic Performer and Activist Born

Paul Robeson, a multi-talented American figure, was born on this day. He would go on to achieve great acclaim as a singer and actor, captivating audiences with his powerful performances.

Robeson also made significant contributions as a political activist, tirelessly advocating for social justice and equality throughout his remarkable life.  Wikimedia/Gordon Parks,

1939: Marian Anderson's Triumphant Lincoln Memorial Concert

After being denied a performance at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution, African American contralto Marian Anderson delivered a powerful Easter Sunday concert at the Lincoln Memorial.

An audience of 75,000 gathered to witness Anderson's historic performance, which stood as a profound testament to her talent and resilience in the face of discrimination.  Wikimedia/Harris & Ewing

1963: Congress Bestows Honorary U.S. Citizenship on Churchill

In a historic act, the United States Congress granted honorary citizenship to Sir Winston Churchill, the renowned British statesman and wartime leader.

This rare honor recognized Churchill's invaluable contributions to the Allied cause during World War II and his unwavering commitment to the enduring alliance between the United States and the United Kingdom.  Wikimedia/BiblioArchives

1965: Houston ç Debuts with Historic Indoor Baseball Game

The Astrodome, a groundbreaking sports venue in Houston, Texas, opened its doors and made history by hosting the first-ever indoor baseball game.

This revolutionary stadium, known as the "Eighth Wonder of the World," ushered in a new era for sports and entertainment, showcasing the potential for climate-controlled, all-weather facilities.  Wikimedia/EricEnfermero

2001: American Airlines Becomes World's Largest with TWA Acquisition

In a major industry development, American Airlines finalized its acquisition of Trans World Airlines (TWA).

This strategic move propelled American Airlines to the top spot as the world's largest airline, significantly expanding its global reach and market share. The consolidation of these two aviation giants marked a significant milestone in the history of commercial air travel.  Wikimedia/Anna Zvereva

2003: U.S.-Led Forces Capture Baghdad in Iraq War

Several weeks after the launch of the Iraq War, aimed at removing President Saddam Hussein due to alleged possession of weapons of mass destruction, Baghdad fell to U.S.-led forces on this day in 2003.

The capture of the Iraqi capital marked a significant milestone in the controversial conflict, which had begun with the goal of ousting Hussein from power.  Wikimedia/Technical Sergeant John L. Houghton, Jr.

2005: Prince Charles Weds Camilla Parker Bowles

Prince Charles, the heir apparent to the British throne, exchanged vows with Camilla Parker Bowles in a highly anticipated royal wedding.

The marriage marked a significant moment in the prince's personal life and the history of the British monarchy, as the couple's long-standing relationship had been the subject of much public interest and scrutiny.  Wikimedia/Senedd Cymru / Welsh Parliament